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Race alone may not explain CVD risk disparities


Environmental, psychological and social factors may play a larger role than race alone in contributing to health disparities associated with CVD risk factors, according to research presented at the American Heart Association Epidemiology, Prevention, Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health Scientific Sessions.

In an analysis of independent CVD risk factors that compared white individuals with African American, African immigrant and African Caribbean individuals in the U.S., researchers observed that:

·         African immigrants (mean age, 41 years) were less likely to be insured (76%) compared with white (91%) and African American individuals (83%; P .001).

·         African immigrants we more likely to be college-educated (36%) compared with the African Caribbean (23%), African American (17%) and white individuals (32%; P .001).

·         Hypertension was less prevalent among African immigrants (17%) compared with the African Caribbean (32%), African American (42%) and white individuals (34%).

·         Smoking was less prevalent among African immigrants (5%) compared with African Caribbean (8%), African American (18%) and white individuals (16%).

·         Diabetes was less prevalent among African immigrants (9%) compared with African Caribbean (19%), African American (15%) and white individuals (10%).

·         Obesity was less prevalent among African immigrants (60%) compared with African Caribbean (68%), African American (76%) and white individuals (66%).

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